Self Sufficiency

.

Dependence upon another is what causes power to transfer to another. Working for the Will of another, is what empowers the conquests of that other. WORK FOR YOURSELF and depend on ONLY yourself and their ring of power can be broken and YOUR's Empowered.

.

- Here are some tools to assist you in that vein -

.

Basic Survival

1. The Survival & Self Reliance Studies Institute A Staggering Wealth of Information

2. Online Survival Guide

3. The 10 Bushcraft Books

4. Wildwood Survival Database

5. Pathfinder Videos A library of How To videos on Essential Skills

6. Primitive ways A library of How To documents on survival and primitive skills

7. Home Made Diagrams and documents detailing the construction of various necessities

..

Homesteading

1. HomesteadingToday A forum discussing aspects of Homesteading

2. Lindsay Publishing A Publisher of inexpensive books of detailed How To's of technical Self Reliance.

3. Countryside Free Ebooks on Self Reliance Skills, such as black smithing, and furniture making

4. Free Education

5. Brief Overview of an Individualistic Homestead


...

Overview of the Individualistic Homestead

 

     This is an ideal model of the average Individualistic homestead.  The method presented is purely a rough example, and is not intended to restrict any other designs, as every individual is entitled to build and live however they wish.  Individualistic houses are built from all natural materials, avoiding plastics, petrochemical paints, synthetic fiber carpet, etc.  Electricity should be generated by solar cells, as well as wind and water turbines at the homestead.  Fuels should be hydrogen and biodiesel manufactured by the users (electrolysis and fuel crops) themselves, when possible, and used strictly as backup power.  Wood or petrol based heating oil should be avoided if possible, but if used, employ efficient burning stoves with baffled chimney systems.   Food and livestock should be raised onsite by the user.  Water should be from wells, rain collectors and natural sources.  Communication will be had by various wireless devices.

     This is not to imply a nation of farmers.  It is to give people control over their welfare and life.  The amount of work done in this manner for just one individual is far less than the eight-hour day of common toil. (a 1,000 ft2 garden worked for 30 minutes a day will feed 2 people all year)  Thus, these individuals will have more time on their hands to explore higher learning and higher skills, thereby assisting to develop higher technologies.  Therefore, this society will actually be a faster evolving and more technologically advanced civilization than the present world.  Not a nation of antisocial, uneducated mountain men as some suggest.

     Using one acre per person (36.8 billion earth acres) with the modern day population (6.55 billion people) translates into leaving 80% of the Earth's total land wild.  Thus assisting the Earth to heal itself from the ravages we have afflicted it with.  One acre is not only enough to sustain one person, but enough to make one feel comfortable while offering sufficient space for specialty practices, such as minor metallurgy, glass-working, etc.  It is a natural right to be entitled to one tax free acre required to Independently sustain oneself.  One should not be forced to depend on, or work within, a society that claims ownership over God's land, especially if its practices are in conflict with one's view of right and wrong.  When the option of independence is not offered, the society is practicing forced servitude, no matter how it is justified.

     This spread out nature of the Individualistic society impairs the mass effectiveness of enemy forces, from infantry to aircraft.  Furthermore, 1. each individual unit is self-sustaining, thus no single strategic target could shut down the many.   In times of war the Individualistic homestead is never deprived of food and fuel by producing them on site.  Their machines would never be useless as long as the wind blows and the sun shines, as other nations could be crippled with a single bomb to a single refinery, and 2. many homesteads will be similar to fortified structures, as pre-cast concrete is stronger and faster to build with when taking advantage of geothermal principles by utilizing partially submerged structures.  Thus a nation of Individualists, each schooled in strategic defense, would be much more challenging to conquer as opposed to common housing plans filled with untrained citizens. Therefore the Individualists design all zoning and building codes around self-sufficiency, renewable resources, and a strategic layout for defensive maneuvers.

     Lastly, There will be no need to establish any new infrastructure for the conversion to this society.  This argument is utilized to combat many alternative energy solutions by fossil fuel lobbyists and their vassals.  In fact, it will cause many infrastructures to be dismantled and their remains recycled for use in loftier goals. 

(All of the following are "generous" averages for one Individual on one acre.   One acre = 43,560 sq feet)

A.  Living Space

     1,250 sq ft of living space per individual equates to a dwelling with the dimensions of 25 X 25, having a basement and a first floor.  This only removes 625 sq ft from the total acre, and is spacious and comfortable for one individual.  The home suggested below would cost about $52,000 unfinished, $90,000 finished (assuming 30/ft2) and another $30,000 for an electrical system generating about 8,000kWh per year, ($15,000 wind system and $15,000 solar), totaling $120,000, and taking less than 5 months to build.  This is less than the present average purchased home.  Depending on the resourcefulness of the owner, it could be a fully independent dwelling.  Furthermore, there are occasionally rebates which may lower the cost of a renewable energy system.

Efficiency and Independence Solutions:

A.   A solid concrete pre-cast wall home (about $35,000 just for the steel and concrete, but livable in at this stage).  The basement and half of ground floor is sunken utilizing geothermal and solar thermal principles for air and water temperature assistance.  Solar thermal collectors are mounted amidst photovoltaic panels, and are coupled with a geothermal loop, fed to a heat vault sunken beneath the basement, wherein also sits the hotwater tank and a heatpump (possibly a stove).  Strategically placed glass block over metal grating, used on the roof, minor side windows, and first floor, utilizing sun lighting all the way to the basement. 

B.  Electricity

     The average electricity consumption for a single individual is approximately 3,500 kWh/yr (Not used as Heat) amounting to 9.6kWh which need to be generated per day.

Efficiency and Independence Solutions:

A.  A Wind Turbine producing 3,500 kWh of power over a year with average wind speeds of10 mph will cost around $13,000, for the turbine, tower and accessories.  Maximum wind turbine tower height is 88' in the center of a square acre with a home on a corner of the property.

B.   A photovoltaic (solar cell) system generating 3,500kWh per year will cost about $14,000

C.   Emergency and backup energy supplied by hydrogen and biofuel (and other fuel if unavoidable) generators, as well as biomass (and other fuels, plus excess heat vault heat) heated Stirling type generators. 

E.   Water turbines where applicable

F.   Additional electricity will be produced by a Stirling cogenerating process wherein the heat from winter heating will heat the engine first and then proceed to the home.  Furthermore, the massive heat built up in the vault in summer months, will also be used.  This electricity will be converted to hydrogen, successfully saving summer heat for the winter.

C.  Water

     The average water consumption for a single individual is approximately 24,000 gal/yr.  This includes showers and laundry.  (There are 7.48 gallons of water per cubic foot.)

Efficiency and Independence Solutions:

     One inch of rain over one acre produces 27,154 gallons of water.  Most regions in the world have at least 20 inches of rain per year.  In addition to the entire acre being contoured to collect rain, a 2,178 sq feet section is dedicated to rain collection, if one has no well.  Besides common filters within the system, all drinking water is passed through an electric distiller which requires 0.6kwh per distilled gal.  The average individual drinks less than 400 gal per year, amounting to a 240 kWh per year consumption. 

A.  Rain collectors (2,178 ft2 per individual)

     Any non-saturable area, funneling water to a drain leading to a Detention tank ($3,000 for the storm system).  A corrugated metal cylindrical tank 10 feet in diameter and 22 ft long ($5,000) will hold 12,918 gal of water.  This is assuming consumption will be similar to rainfall.  This system could include various methods of water transfer to the house through multiple filters, most likely by an electric pump, coupling it with a geothermal and solar thermal system ($10,000). 

B.  Common Wells 

D.  Heating

     The largest challenge to energy independence is winter heating.  A great deal of needed heating is removed with a fully or partially submerged house, taking advantage of solarthermal and geothermal principles.  The average Heat consumption in BTU (effected by environment, this estimate uses the Midwest US climate) is 92,790,000 BTU/yr, which translates to 27,211 kWh per year.  The average present day individual and homes are not very energy conscious, nor efficient, thus this figure can be reduced with little effort. The Individualist and home are both a minimum of 30% more energy efficient than this average. Thus the winter backup energy (for heat) required will be 10,000 to 16,000 kWh. (Or possibly less depending on the efficiency of the home and individual, as well as the climate).   Splitting the maximum up would amount to 448 lbs of hydrogen (2,237m3) and 214 gallons of biodiesel needed.   Both impractical values as shown below.  Therefore the Individualist employs a number of these systems in tandem to achieve a high degree of energy efficiency if not total independence.

(1 BTU raises 50 ft3 of air 1 degree F)

Efficiency and Independence Solutions:

A.  A large wind turbine will produce 31,500 kWh per year with winds of 18 mph, and a 100 ft tower.  This is highly impractical for most, and costs around $60,000.  It is more feasible to utilize a smaller turbine (if your average annual wind is only around 10mph) in tandem with many other systems.

B.  A Photovoltaic array (solar cells) will collect 10% of the solar energy in an environment.  The average solar radiation is 0.42 kWh/ft2/day, or 153.3kWh/ft2/year, making the average amount collected with photovoltaic panels approximately 15kWh/ft2/year.  Or 1,814 ft2 of solar panels (over $100,000) to meet the above demand, which is also impractical.  Thus, this system should be used in tandem with the below devices.

C.   Solar thermal heat is water heated by sunlight in various ways, used to transfer heat.  It can be coupled with a heat vault system which stores the heat in an array of water tanks.  The necessary materials are inexpensive.  The temperatures within these vaults can reach over 170 degrees in summer months.

D.   Geothermal heat provides a consistent temperature base to water or air by using the average ground temperature of approximately 50 degrees F.  By looping conduits repeated through the earth, it thus warms water or air cooler than this, and cools water or air warmer than this.  Saving the energy of another system from doing the same. This system can also be relatively inexpensive (not including the drilling variety).

E.   Heat from wood.  The average piece of wood contains about 7,500 BTU/lb (about 2.2kWh).  Burning at approximately 80% efficiency one would need around 7.75 tons of seasoned wood per year (to meet the Midwest average above).  This is about 24 average trees.  Thus, this method is to be minimized.

F.  Biodiesel burned as or with heating oil, possibly in a combination wood/oil stove within the heat vault.   It would require over 4 acres of land, and a good deal of effort to single-handedly produce 214 gallons of biodiesel from oil crops, and it amounts to only half of the expected efficient heat requirement, and only a quarter of the larger average.  Thus, it is an impractical heating solution to rely upon (there is research into oil producing algae that are claimed to produce 100 times the amount of conventional oil crops, this would undoubtedly change things).  

G.  Hydrogen.   To produce and store 4,475 m3 of hydrogen (the entire amount needed for winter backup) one would need 110 1000 gal storage tanks at 200psi.  This would take up an enormous amount of space, and is thus also impractical.  There is also roughly a 40% energy loss in converting water to hydrogen (thus, for every 10 kWh one converts, one will only get 6 kWh back when burnt at 100% efficiency).  This amounts to a feasible method to store surplus electricity, but is impractical to rely upon fully, requiring an electrical generating system 3-4 times the sizes above, as well as storage ($120,000 system plus a $6,000 electrolyser, and $2,000 per 1,000 gallon tank = $346,000).

E.  Motive Fuels

     The average octane consumption for a single individual is approximately 1,000 gal/yr

Efficiency and Independence Solutions:

A.  An average electric vehicle can be run for 3,800 kWh per year to travel 15,000 miles, with no other fuel needed.  With current gas rates at $3/gal, and the average US gas mileage around 18 mpg, this would save $2,500 per year in fuel (driving 15,000 miles), and only cost $342 in electricity (0.09 cents per kWh). Therefore, Octane may be abandoned. 

B.  Biodiesel from plants and waste is marginally acceptable when there is no other alternative.  It should be used as emergency and backup fuel only and produced by the user when possible. 

C.  Surplus hydrogen is marginally acceptable when there is no other alternative.  It should be used as emergency and backup fuel only, generated with the homestead's surplus electricity by electrolysis.

F.  Waste

The average waste production for a single individual is approximately 1,850 lbs/yr of which:

 

#

Waste Type

lbs

Avoided

Recycled at paying scrap yard

recycled

Burned as heat for electricity producing Stirling engine, or composted

1.      

Aluminum

12

 

yes

 

 

2.      

Dense plastic

69

yes

 

 

 

3.      

Garden waste

332

 

 

 

yes

4.      

Glass

149

 

 

yes

 

5.      

Iron

35

 

yes

 

 

6.      

kitchen waste

298

 

 

 

yes

7.      

Misc. combustible waste

46

 

 

 

yes

8.      

Misc. non-combustible waste

23

yes

 

 

 

9.      

Miscellaneous metal

23

 

yes

 

 

10.    

Miscellaneous plastic

35

yes

 

 

 

11.    

Packaging paper

103

 

 

 

yes

12.    

paper

240

 

 

 

yes

13.    

Sanitary wastes

446

 

 

 

yes

14.    

Textiles

35

Yes*

 

 

 

 

TOTALS

1846

162

70 (less than $12/yr)

149

1465

(673lbs water)

 

 

 

 

 

 

792 lbs converted

 

* Synthetic textiles are avoided, organic materials such as cotton or wool utilized instead, preferably not dyed.  Burned in small quantities when needing disposed.

Efficiency and Independence Solutions:

     When each individual has to personally deal with the waste they create, a greater awareness evolves now that the waste doesn't conveniently disappear.  The individual is more prone to be conscious of what, and how much, is used, and conserves more wisely.  Many of these common wastes will not exist in the Individualistic society, as listed in the avoided column.  A small amount will be recycled, and the rest is either burned as fuel for a Stirling engine in a cogeneration process, or composted, creating a practically waste free homestead, and society. 

     Many of the organic materials, apart from the paper products, are most likely 60% - 70% water with an energy yield of about 2,500 BTU/lb.  The paper will yield around 6,500 BTU/lb.  (When combusting damp items as these, they can be placed in a metal heat box and then placed into the burner.  The heat box allows the water to vaporize yet not extinguish the fire.  When completely dry, the materials will combust on their own within the box releasing their heat energy.)  Burning clean and natural organic material produces few dioxins contrary to popular belief.  Dioxins can be formed only when matter is burned in the presence of chlorine.  In clean natural organic material, the way this would happen would be from chloride ions, which will not occur without the presence of water.  When heated in a heat box, the water vaporizes and the chlorides revert back to salts, rendering them inert for chemical interaction in combustion.  The temperature inside the box will not exceed that of water's boiling point until the water is gone.  The cause of dioxin release from modern incineration plants is the combination of filth and unnatural man made chemicals that bond in abnormal ways creating anomalous compounds in the unusually high heat of the incineration process.  However, if one still fears the release of dioxins whatsoever, composting is suggested, and by the slow generation of these wastes (about 4lbs/day, half of which is water) it may be more convenient to compost in the long run.  (Human wastes should be dehydrated fully and used separately)

G.  Food

     The average food consumption for a single individual is approximately 728 lbs/yr of fruit and vegetables, 200 lbs/yr in meat, 400 lbs/yr in dairy, and 52lbs/yr in breads.

Efficiency and Independence Solutions:

     For the ease of self-sustainability upon one acre, it is not recommended to raise large animals on site as they require much of the acre.  For example, one acre is needed for the care of one cow, yet a quarter of that area supports two goats. Because of the numerous methods to divide up one acre, different climates, and individual food preferences, the following figures are listed only for basic purposes.  Obviously, these values cannot produce these acreage yields all at the same time.  They are listed by acreage output merely for ease in dividing them proportionately across an acre.  Lastly, chemical fertilizers need not be used.  The native Americans were farming with inter-cropping techniques, and producing some 200 bushels per acre, long before the advent of such chemicals.

1.  Plants

     These values may assist in dividing up one's acre depending upon climate, green house use etc.  One acre of land can produce: 20 tons of strawberries, 18 tons of peaches, 18 tons of potatoes, 14 tons of navel oranges, 12 tons of tomatoes, 10 tons of carrots, 10 tons of celery, 8 tons of apples, 8 tons of beets, 7 tons of sweet corn, 6 tons of cabbage, 5 tons of peppers, 5 tons of cucumbers, 3 tons of straw, 2.5 tons of grapes, 2 tons of rice, 2,300 lbs of soybeans, 1 ton of almonds, 1 ton of peanuts, 1 ton sugar, 1 ton of tea, 1 ton of tobacco, 1400lbs coffee, 1,300lbs of cotton lint, 1500lbs sunflower seed, 1000lbs wheat, 700lbs cashews, 500lbs pecans,11,000 heads of lettuce.  One acre of hemp (4 tons) yields the same quantity of fiber, able to be used as pulp, as one acre of 20 year old trees, for use as paper etc.  (the fiber can also be used as rope and the seed for oil).

     A possible milk substitute for those unable, or unwilling, to raise a dairy animal is nut milk.  Which is cleaned seeds and/or nuts in water, blended until smooth, then filtered. The result has more calcium than milk, no cholesterol, and does not need pasteurized.  It can be sweetened and flavored with various things, such as honey, maple syrup, fruits etc.  The remaining solids can be used as spreads, seasoning, flour additives etc.  It can be used as milk for drinking and recipes.  (A possible egg substitute would be flaxseed)

2.  Animals

One acre of land can support: One 1,000 pound horse, or cow, 5 to 10 sheep or goats, or 2 to 5 pigs.

     A dairy cow consumes 30 gallons of water, and 75 lbs of ensilage per day.  Each year it generates 15 tons of manure, and produces 1,500 gallons of milk, taking an hour a day to milk the cow, milking three times per day.

     Chickens could number 80 chickens per acre.  They eat about 100 lbs of feed per year, drink a pint of water per day, and require a pen, enclosed from predators at night.  Meat chickens are harvested at 3 months old, and hens can lay 300 eggs per year, which when fertilized will hatch in 21 days.  

     Goats can number around 8 per acre and can be used for meat, milk or fleece.  They weigh 100-200 lbs and produce about 1/2 gallon of milk per day.  Meat goats are slaughtered at one year of age, for around 60 lbs of meat, and useable skin.  Goats can also produce 7 lbs of fleece per year.  They require 12 pounds of fresh forage and a 1-2 gallons of water per day.  They should be isolated from crop producing areas of the acre, for they may eat the crop.  Thus an acre cropping 87% of its area leaves just enough space for an isolated goat.

     Fish (aquacultue) could number 4000 per acre of 8 foot deep pond.  It takes approximately 2 years to grow a 1.5lb edible fish.  For control purposes, mesh cages could be employed along with feeding regimes.  Feeding twice per day about a half gram of food per fish, resulting in a food to fish ratio of 1:1.


Continue to Divinity

or to The Core of Corruption